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Tropical and extratropical cyclones (TCs and ETCs) are important weather phenomena intimately linked to regional climate phenomena and modes of climate variability. Both types of cyclone can produce extreme wind speeds and precipitation (see Section 3.4, IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX; IPCC, 2012)). Sections 14.6.1 and 14.6.2 assess the recent progress in scientific understanding of how these important weather systems are likely to change in the future.

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